The pandemic that the world has been suffering for almost 1.5 years now has shown that how disastrous the consequences of ecosystem disparity can be. By shrinking the area of natural habitat for animals, we have created ideal conditions for pathogens; including corona viruses to spread. The fact remains that only with healthy ecosystems can we enhance people’s livelihoods, counteract climate change and stop the collapse of biodiversity.
Environment can be defined as a sum total of all the living and non-living elements and their effects that influence human life. While all living or biotic elements are animals, plants, forests, fisheries, and birds, non-living or a biotic elements include water, land, sunlight, rocks, and air. In other words It is comprised of the interacting systems of physical, biological and cultural elements which are interlinked both individually and collectively. So it is the sum total of conditions in which an organism has to survive or maintain its life process. It influences the growth and development of living forms.
An ecosystem is a community of plants and animals interacting with each other in a given area, and also with their non-living environments. The non-living environments include weather, earth, sun, soil, climate and atmosphere. The ecosystem relates to the way that all these different organisms live in close proximity to each other and how they interact with each other. There is a need to restore the ecosystem which means preventing, halting, and reversing this damage – to go from exploiting nature to healing it. Ecosystem restoration means assisting in the recovery of ecosystems that have been degraded or destroyed, as well as conserving the ecosystems that are still intact. Restoration can happen in many ways – for example through actively planting or by removing pressures so that nature can recover on its own.
All kinds of ecosystems can be restored, including forests, farmlands, cities, wetlands, and oceans. Restoration initiatives can be launched by almost anyone, from governments and development agencies to businesses, communities, and individuals. That is because the causes of degradation are many and varied, and can have an impact at different scales. For instance, degradation may result from harmful policies such as subsidies for intensive farming or weak tenure laws that encourage deforestation. Lakes and coastlines can become polluted because of poor waste management or an industrial accident. Commercial pressures can leave towns and cities with too much asphalt and too few green spaces.
For too long, humans have been exploiting and destroying the planet’s ecosystems. Every three seconds, the world loses enough forest to cover a football pitch and over the last century, we have destroyed half of the wetlands. As much as 50 per cent of the world’s coral reefs have already been lost and up to 90 per cent of coral reefs could be lost by 2050, even if global warming is limited to an increase of 1.5 degrees Celsius. Ecosystem loss is depriving the world of carbon sinks, like forests and wetlands, at a time when humanity can least afford it. Global greenhouse gas emissions have grown for three consecutive years and the planet is one place for potentially catastrophic climate change. We must now fundamentally rethink our relationship with the living world, with natural ecosystems and their biodiversity and work towards its restoration.
To save the Planet through protecting the Nature the United Nations Assembly established World Environment Day after discussions on environment-related issues during the first day of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment in 1972. Then two years later in 1974, the day was first observed in the city of Spokane in United States. The theme of the first World Environment Day was `Only One Earth`.
World Environment Day is celebrated on June 5, annually to encourage awareness and environmental protection. According to the United Nations, “the celebration of this day provides us with an opportunity to broaden the basis for an enlightened opinion and responsible conduct by individuals, enterprises, and communities in preserving and enhancing the environment.” The day is celebrated by engaging governments, businesses, celebrities and citizens to focus their efforts on a pressing environmental issue.
The theme for this year`s (2021) World Environment Day is ‘Ecosystem Restoration.’ This year will also mark the formal launch of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration 2021-2030. Also, this year Pakistan, in collaboration with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), will be the global host for the day to highlight the importance of ecosystem restoration.
On the occasion of World Environment Day, the UN is also going to announce 2021-2030 as the decade on Ecosystem Restoration with the slogan “Reimaging, Recreate, Restore”. This initiative of the UN aims to prevent, halt and reverse the ecosystem degradation on every continent and in every ocean.
Vikash since its birth being always be eco-friendly. Vikash has been involved in STRAGGED TRENCH & EARTHEN CANEL projects for Rain Water Conservation. FIELD BONDING & STONE BONDING is also amongst major activities in Keonjhar, Sundargarh & Malkangiri districts. On the eve of World Environment Day we usually do plantations & children’s programme on our operational area. Some of the photographs of the year…..